–– Sito di FORMAZIONE PERMANENTE MISSIONARIA –– Uno sguardo missionario sulla Vita, il Mondo e la Chiesa A missionary look on the life of the world and the church –– VIDA y MISIÓN – VIE et MISSION – VIDA e MISSÃO ––
A black and white illustration with female Christian figures.
Is Eve, the one who let herself be seduced by the snake, who picked the fruit of the tree of knowledge and gave to Adam, the reason for all the misfortunes of the world?
The Book of Genesis has long made her a subordinate of man.
A more precise study of Biblical Hebrew language shows that the woman (ishah) appeared at the same time as the man (ish), according to Anne-Marie Pelletier, a Catholic theologian and biblical scholar.
Why then did the collective imagination present her as the temptress, at the origin of the rupture of the original balance?
By attributing to Eve the main responsibility for sin, underlines the Biblical scholar Roselyne Dupont-Roc, “we greatly overvalue her person” even though “she is only named three times in the Bible.”
In the Jewish tradition, until the first century AD, Adam’s sin is a collective sin. Similarly, in the Christian tradition, Saint Paul explains that sin entered the world through one man (1 Corinthians 15:21).
There is therefore no feminine dimension of sin, which the Church’s confirms by insisting on “Adam’s sin”, not in his masculinity but in his humanity.
“Where things go wrong is with the Fathers of the Church — from the Greek world which is patriarchal,” explains Dupont-Roc.
Eve is now seen as a counterpoint to the person of Mary.
“Eve, by disobeying, became a cause of death for herself and for the whole human race,” wrote Saint Irenaeus (“Against Heresies”), when Saint Ephrem the Syrian declared: “Death came through Eve, life through Mary.”
Yet, far from opposing Mary, Eve herself is presented in the Bible as “the living one”, the one whose offspring will kill the snake and whose capacity for childbirth will challenge the powers of death.
FranceNovember 20, 2019